Sinkhole zones

The sinkhole can form anywhere in Florida, but the highest activity levels occur in west central Florida because of the Karst limestone environment. There are several effects that increase the risk of sinkhole activity such as long-term weather conditions, heavy acidic rain and drought-like conditions.

Regional maps at the correct sinkhole locations reported since 1954 by Florida Geological Survey Series No. 110. It does not show all sinkhole activity in Florida, but you can get a generalization of this problem widely.

Zone 1 (yellow): This zone consists of exposed or thin-covered carbonate rocks. Broad and shallow sinkholes are common in the region. Cities in the Zone 1 area include Miami, Coral Springs, Hialeh, and Hollywood.

Zone 2 (Green): This zone has permeable sand that varies in thickness from 20 to 200 feet. It mainly consists of small cover subgroups. Zone 2 cities include Fort Lauderdale, Port St. Lucie and Orlando.

Zone 3 (blue): Zone 3 has a harmonious, low-permeable soil that forms a sudden collapse sinkhole. The cities in Zone 3 include Tampa, Talhasi and St. Petersburg.

Zone 4 (Pink): This zone consists of deep inter-bedded carbonate rocks and cozy clay sands. Sinkholes are uncommon in this area, but shallow beds may have collapse and small subdivision sinkholes. Cities located in Zone 4 include Jacksonville and St. Augustine.

Over the years the construction of the sinkhole has accelerated. They are usually created by extended droughts, heavy rainfall, land development, water pumping, and construction of retention ponds. Sinkholes in Florida can range in size from small to large. Some are enough to swallow houses, roads, swimming pools and buildings.

Not only do sinkhole activity destroy structures, but they are also an environmental concern. Carbonate rocks, which are present in sinkhole construction, provide direct access to all types of pollutants such as fertilizer and pesticides. Oil and gasoline also channel directly into the sinkhole. Despite all the problems sinkholes produce, they are a natural part of the ecosystem.

As a homeowner or business owner, it is important to know the common signs of a sinkhole in Florida. Most sinkholes give early warning signs before they become a serious threat. See common symptoms of sinkhole activity:

Cracks in inner joint areas

If you see any of these signs, call us. We can inspect your issue to see if it is a sinkhole and repair if necessary. We offer sinkhole repairs for Florida residents. Our services include competition grating and void filling.

Condensation Grouting: It is designed to stabilize loose soil. It is a rapidly settling method that uses polyurethane foam that is injected into loose soil. As the foam expands, it compacts the soil.

Filling the void: This is another sinkhole repair method. It involves filling the spaces and gaps under concrete. We use a high density, lightweight material called polyurethane. It is injected into the drilled holes. It spreads as a foam, covering the area in seconds.

Our sinkhole repair products are made by Earth Contact Products (ECP), a leading manufacturer in foundation repair and waterproofing. You are receiving the latest products on the market with excellent service from our professionals. Foundation Professionals of Florida has the skills and experience for all sinkhole repair needs. Our technology will support and stabilize soil on your property to give you additional protection against sinkhole activity in Florida. If you need an estimate, contact us today.

Large scale sinkholes in Florida have been making headlines recently. You hear more stories about land opening and people swallowing, cars, parking and even houses. In 2013, a Tampa, FL home suddenly collapsed with a man swallowing a bedroom. Just recently in Spring Hill, FL, several houses in a neighborhood were evacuated after a huge 25 x 25 foot wide sinkhole appeared. Local residents reported seeing cracks in the structure of their house and streets close to the sinkhole. As the sinkhole continues to expand, officials asked local residents to evacuate the area. Watch the video above to get more information about the sinkhole in Spring Hill, FL.

What are sinkholes and how widespread are they? Sinkholes are holes or depressions in the land surface. Because the state of Florida consists of porous limestone and sandstone, acidic groundwater moves through the soil and slowly dissolves the limestone. Over time, it creates voids and cavities in the ground.

Sinkholes are not uncommon. In fact, 10% of the world’s landscape has karst areas that are caused by natural phenomena:

Weathering and erosion: Weather and soil erosion occur due to heavy rainfall and floods.

Drought-like conditions: Ground water levels fall and weaken due to prolonged dry weather conditions.

However, some sinkholes are humanly inspired, meaning that they are constructed by human activities such as: construction of ponds, groundwater pumping, underground subterranean sewer pipes or broken water pipes.

So how do you look for sinkhole activity? Not all sinkholes are visible. A few sinkholes are formed under the foundation, making them difficult to detect. Fortunately, there are clear warning signs to be aware of sinkhole activity, such as:

Cracks in pool deck

Separating or separating walls from floors or ceilings

Sinking or bending of trees and bushes

Slant fence post

Windows and doors glued

Wall, floor and ceiling cracks

Drywall nail popping

Molded floor

External wall stairway cracks

Wall and floor cracks

Homes with sinkhole activity may have plumbing issues and high water bills. Some signs of water-related issues may be cracks in the yard, flooded basements, standing water, or water leaks through the water. If you have a pool on your property, watch for pool water damage. Inspect for any cracks in or around the pool.

Contact our professionals If you suspect sinkhole activity on your property, we can inspect your damage and determine the type of sinkhole you have. There are three types of sinkholes that you should be aware of. They include solutions, subsets and collapse sinkholes.

Other insoluble bases are found on the ground surface. They can also be caused by a thin layer of soil that covers the soil. As the water dissolves limestone and insoluble material, it produces a bowl-shaped depression. This expands the perimeter and increases the amount of surface runoff.

Subsync Sinhole: This type of sinkhole is similar to a solutionhole, except that a thin layer of soil covers the soluble bedrake. When water enters and dissolves weak areas of the cavity, the rising sediment moves slowly downward into the expanding cavity.

Collapse Shrinks: Sink sinkholes are the highest risk because they can occur anytime without warning. They are usually formed in areas that contain limestone below the surface. They grow until the surface weakens at the top, then collapses.

If you have sinkhole activity, don’t panic. Give us a call today. We offer sinkhole repairs to Florida residents such as condensation grating and void filling.

Sinkhole condition. It fills voids and spaces under foundations created by soil erosion or disposal. Small holes are drilled, then a lightweight polyurethane liquid is injected into the hole. After this is cured, the material fills the voids and stabilizes the concrete. It is a quick, easy process that causes no disruption at the work site.

Condensation Grouting: Condensation grouting involves injecting polyurethane foam into loose soil. This method compresses the soil by forming a dense foam ball or column. Condensation grouting helps stabilize the soil and prevent future foundation problems.

All our materials and products are made by Earth Contact Products (ECP), a leading manufacturer in today’s foundation repair and waterproofing. We guarantee quality products with top service for Florida residents. If you suspect sinkhall activity on your property, contact Foundation Professionals of FL. Our specialists will inspect your property and evaluate any damage.

In addition, we provide free estimates for every project, so call us today. We will help ease your concerns!

All buildings and houses require a strong, stable foundation. Cracks in walls, uneven floors or other structural problems can compromise the integrity of your foundation. If you suspect a change in the structure of your home, you may need to contact the experts at the Foundation Pros of FL. Our experts will determine if your home is needed in Florida.

What is underpinning? Outlining your Florida home is a method designed to repair and restore unstable or settled foundations so that they become strong again. This is a process that must be performed by a professional to eliminate the problem for good. Our team will dig under the feet to locate the source of the problem, then place new concrete in some areas under and around the foundation. This helps to strengthen the foundation and bring the foundation back to its original condition.

It is important to identify the early warning signs of foundation failure. If you need to pay attention to the following, you will need the following:

Structural cracks

Roof terrace

Wrong doors and windows

Glued doors and windows

Tilting or tilting walls

Floor cracks

Wall crack

Slab cracks

Gap around windows and doors

Bent home

Floor without bend or slope

Roof cracks

Sitting or sinking of foundation

If you notice any of these warning signs, your home may require underpinning services. Cracks that exceed .25 inches indicate foundation problems and require immediate attention. Make sure you see a chimney that cracks or tilts in the exterior bricks of your home. Disposal can also occur such as cracks of concrete floor in the garage or cracks in the garage column. Do not ignore these signs! Homes with foundation failure require underpinning to avoid structural damage. It can be applied to existing homes as well as new construction homes.


There has been a history of changes in Pluto’s classification as a planet. Since 2006, according to the International Astronomical Union’s planetary norm, Pluto is not considered a planet because it does not clean up the neighborhood around the orbit of other objects. However, it meets the criteria of the IAU to constitute a dwarf planet.

Facts about Pluto

July 14, 2017: On July 14, 2015, NASA’s New Horizons spacecraft made its historic flight through the Pluto system – providing the first close-up images of Pluto and its moons and collecting other data that has captured our mysterious world. Understanding has changed. The outer frontier region of the solar system.

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History of planets

Pluto status

There has been a history of changes in Pluto’s classification as a planet. Since 2006, according to the International Astronomical Union’s planetary norm, Pluto is not considered a planet because it does not clean up the neighborhood around the orbit of other objects. However, it meets the criteria of the IAU to constitute a dwarf planet.

Most recent

July 14, 2017: On July 14, 2015, NASA’s New Horizons spacecraft made its historic flight through the Pluto system – providing the first close-up images of Pluto and its moons and collecting other data, which has captured these mysterious worlds Our understanding has changed the outer frontier region of the solar system.

Views of Tenzing Montes, the highest mountains of Pluto. Sincerely: NASA / Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory / Southwest Research Institute / Lunar & Planetary Institute / Paul Shanko

Scientists are still analyzing and uncovering data that New Horizons recorded and sent home after the encounter. On Flyby’s two-year anniversary, the team unveiled a set of detailed, high-quality global maps of Pluto and its largest moon, Charon.

New Horizons Project Science Gallery for Pluto

New Horizon Project Science Gallery for Charoon

Pluto – which is smaller than Earth’s moon – has a heart-shaped glacier the size of Texas and Oklahoma. This fascinating world has blue skies, spinning moons, rockies as high as mountains, and it snows — but the ice is red.

“The complexity of the Pluto system — from its geology to its atmosphere to the atmosphere — is beyond our greatest imagination,” said investigator Alan Stern, head of the New Horizons of Southwest Research Institute in Boulder, Colorado. “New secrets are changing everywhere we go.”

Pluto’s moons are named for other mythological figures associated with the underworld. Sharon is named for the River River, which searches for spirits in the underworld (as well as honoring the explorer James Christie’s wife, Sharon); Nixon is named for the mother of Charon, who is also the goddess of darkness and night; Hydra is named for the nine-headed serpent who protects the underworld; Kerberos is named after a three-headed dog in Greek mythology (and called Fluffy in the Harry Potter novel); And the Vaitarni River is named for the mythical river that separates the world of the living from the realm of the dead.

Pluto’s place in mythology may be a bit muddy, so we have seen Dr. Elizabeth Vandiver, president of Whitman College’s Classics Department in Walta, Washington, asked to clarify the name’s origins: “Pluto is the Roman deity’s name underworld, equivalent to Greek Heads. However, the Greek name” pluton “(from which Roman Had derived its name “Pluto”) was also sometimes used as an alternate name for Hades. But Pluto is certainly a Roman swelling. “

When Pluto was reclassified as a dwarf planet from a planet in 2006, there was widespread outrage from the demolished planet. As the textbooks were updated, the Internet ran through a range of emotions, ranging from memos to anger to loneliness. But since the release of New Horizons images depicting a very prominent heart-shaped feature on the surface, the gloomy Pluto meme has given way to a very material, loving Pluto once again by a spaceship. Would like to go

The Disney cartoon character Pluto, Mickey’s loyal dog, made its debut in 1930, the same year that Tombow discovered the dwarf planet. There is speculation that Walt Disney has named the animated dog after the recently discovered planet to capitalize on its popularity, but other accounts fall short of direct links. But either way, the joke connecting the two, as reported in the 1987 Mel Brooks film Spacebolens:

we were lost. None of us knew where we were. Then Harry starts feeling around on all the trees, and he says, “I get it! We’re on Pluto.” I say, “Harry, how can you tell?” And he says, “By bark, you dummy. With bark!”

Pluto is a dwarf planet surrounded by the Kuiper Belt, a region full of icy bodies and other dwarf planets outside Neptune. Pluto is much smaller, only half the width of the United States and about half the size of Charon Pluto, its largest moon.

Almost all the planets revolve around the Sun in almost complete circles. But not Pluto. It takes an oval shaped path with the sun near its center. What’s more, its path is much tilted compared to the planets.

For more kid-friendly facts visit NASA Space Place.

If you lived on Pluto, you would see Charon from only one side of the planet. It takes about six and a half Earth days to orbit Charon around Pluto. Pluto’s day (ie a full rotation) takes place at exactly the same time. Therefore, Charon always “hovers” at the same place on the surface of Pluto, and the same side of Charon always faces Pluto.

At Pluto’s current distance from the Sun, the temperature on its surface is about 400 degrees below zero Fahrenheit! It will also be cold as it moves much ahead of the sun. From Pluto, the sun looks just like a bright point in the sky, the brightest star appearing. Light from the sun is as bright on Pluto as light from the full moon is on Earth.

If you weigh 100 pounds on Earth, you will weigh only 7 pounds on Pluto!

Eventually we got to visit Pluto, Charon and the Kuiper Belt! On 19 January 2006, NASA launched a robotic spacecraft on a long journey. This mission is called New Horizons. The spacecraft reached Pluto in July 2015, and will continue to study other objects in the Kuiper Belt from approximately 2018 to 2022.

It was the first Kuiper Belt object to be discovered and is the largest known plutoid. It was discovered in 1930 by Clyde Tombow and classified as the ninth planet in the solar system for 75 years.

Since the early 1990s, its status as a planet was questioned after discovering other objects of similar size. After the discovery of Eris in 2005, Pluto was transferred from a planet to a dwarf planet in 2006 after IAU defined the term “planet”.

Pluto is the ninth largest and the tenth largest known object orbiting the Sun. However, when it comes to trans-Neptunian objects, it is the largest compared to the volume but less massive than the Eris.

It is named after the Roman god of the underworld, which is equivalent to Hades in Greek mythology.

It is mainly composed of ice and rock. It is about one-sixth of the mass of the Moon than the Earth’s Moon, and one-third of its volume.

Like other Kuiper Belt objects, it has an eccentric orbit. However, the eccentricity is moderate and the inclination of the orbit ranges from 30 AU to 49 AU.

Due to its orbit, Pluto periodically comes closer to the Sun than Neptune. A steady orbital resonance with Neptune prevents them from colliding. Light from the Sun reaches Pluto in about 5.5 hours at an average distance of 39.5 AU.

It has five moons: Charon, Stylux, Nix, Kerberos and Hydra. Charon is the largest with more than half the diameter of Pluto. It is the largest known moon of a dwarf planet.

The relationship between Pluto and Charon is intangible. They are believed to belong to the binary system since Byers of his classes, neither of which lie within the body.

A day on Pluto lasts for about 153 hours while an entire journey around the Sun is completed in about 248 years. Its moon Charon also orbits Pluto in about 153 hours, never arising or setting, facing Pluto at the same place, on one side only, a state known as tidal locking.

Its radius is 737 miles or 1,185 kilometers and thus it is 1/6 the width of the earth and 1,445 miles or 2,326 kilometers in diameter.

It is characterized by mountains, valleys and pits. Temperatures vary from −375 to −400 ° F or −226 to −240 ° C.

1840 में अर्बेन ले वेरियर द्वारा न्यूटनियन यांत्रिकी के उपयोग के माध्यम से, यह पता चला कि यूरेनस की कक्षा में गड़बड़ी थी। नेपच्यून की खोज और उसके द्रव्यमान की गणना के बाद, यह अनुमान लगाया गया था कि इसे समझाने के लिए एक बड़ी वस्तु की आवश्यकता थी, इस प्रकार प्लैनेट एक्स की परिकल्पना का जन्म हुआ था। 1894 में एक व्यापारी और खगोलविद ने एक व्यवसायी और खगोलशास्त्री ने लोवेल वेधशाला की स्थापना की और 1906 में उन्होंने लगभग एक दशक तक प्लेनेट एक्स की खोज शुरू की जब तक.

Unknown to Lowell, his surveys captured two faint images of Pluto, but were not recognized for what they were. Planet X’s search resumed in 1929 after the widow’s fight for her inheritance and the search continued.

The director of the observatory gave the task of finding Plane X to a 23-year-old man named Clyde Tombo, who finally found it after a year of hard work. The news made headlines everywhere, and the Lowell Observatory gained the authority to name the new discovery.

The name Pluto was proposed by Eleventh schoolgirl Woolia Burney in Oxford, England after a poll, and the name Pluto was won by votes. The name was announced on May 1, 1930. The little girl got the modern equivalent of 450 USD. The final choice of a name was helped by the fact that the first letters of Pluto are the initials of Percival Lovell.

Catatumbo lightening

Catatumbo Lightning (Spanish: Relámpago del Catatumbo) is an atmospheric phenomenon that occurs at the mouth of the Catatumbo River where it empties into Lake Maracaibo in Venezuela. It originates from a group of storm clouds at an altitude of more than 1 km, and occurs during 140 to 160 nights in a year, up to 10 hours per day and up to 280 times per hour. This lake occurs above and around Maracaibo, usually the swampy area where the Catetumbo River flows into the lake.Electricity changes its frequency throughout the year, and it varies from year to year. For example, it closed from January to March 2010, apparently due to drought, leading to speculation that it may have been permanently extinguished.

Alexander von Humboldt, a Prussian naturalist and explorer, described electricity in 1826. The Italian geographer Agustin called it “like a continuous lightning” in 1841, and its position is such that it lies almost at the mouth of the lake, directing it as sailors. a lighthouse.”

The incident is depicted on the flag and coat of the Zulia state, including Lake Maracaibo, and is mentioned in the state anthem. This phenomenon has been known as the “Lighthouse of Maracaibo” for centuries, as it has been visible for miles around Lake Maracaibo.

Some writers refer to Lope de Vega shining in the night sky as an early literary fusion of power (in another poem) by Sir Francis Drake against San Juan de Puerto Rico in his epic La Dragontia The poet mentions Maracaibo), but it was actually a reference to the glow produced by the burning ships during the battle.

Catatumbo lightning usually develops between 8 ° 30 71N 71 ° 0 andW and 9 ° 45′N 73 ° 0 .W. The lake is believed to be the result of winds blowing in Maracaibo and the surrounding marshy plains. These air masses meet the high mountain ranges of the Andes, Periza Mountains (3,750 m) and the Cordillera of Mereda, enclosing the plain on three sides. The heat and moisture collected in the plains create electric charges and, because the mass of air is destabilized by mountain ridges, resulting in thunder showers. [4] The phenomenon is characterized by almost continuous lightning, mostly within clouds. Electricity produces a large amount of ozone although its volatility does not make it likely that it has any effect on the ozonosphere.

Between 1966 and 1970, Russian researcher Andrei Zavarostaki investigated the region three times with the help of the Andes University. He concluded that there are many epics in the swamps of the lightning Juan Manuel de Aguas National Park, Claras Aguas Negras and West Lake Maracaibo. In 1991, he suggested that the incident occurred due to cold and hot air currents around the area. The study also hypothesized that the presence of uranium in the bedroom may be a different cause of lightning.

Between 1997 and 2000, a series of four studies proposed that methane produced by massive oil deposits in swamps and in the region was a major cause of the phenomenon. The methane model is based on the symmetry properties of methane. [Clarification needed] Other studies have indicated that this model contradicts the observed behavior of lightning, as it would predict that there will be more electricity in the dry season (January – February), and less in the wet season (April – May and September October).

A team from Universidale del Zulia on the daily, seasonal and year-to-year variability of catatumbo lightning to find relationships with the Inter-Tropical Convergence Zone, El Niño-Southern Oscillation, Caribbean Low-Level, Inter-Tropical Convergence Zone The effect of various atmospheric variables is investigated. Jet and local winds and convection available potential energy. Using satellite data, two groups of researchers have provided an analysis of the location, time, and number of discharges per square kilometer of electricity.

A 2016 study showed that it is possible to predict lightning in the Lake Maracaibo Basin until a few months ago, the variability of the Lake Maracaibo low-level jet, and its interaction with predictable climate modes such as ENSO and the Caribbean Low on the basis of. -Level jet. The study also showed that when the index and convection available potential energy based on the combination of winds is used, the forecast accuracy is much higher. The index captures the compound effects of many climate drivers well.

It is hard to ignore the weather these days, whether you are skeptical of climate change, believers committed to the dangers of global warming, or someone who has “never ending electricity” and is thinking that all this What is this. From polar vortexes to hurricanes to the never ending drought in New York City in autumn, no one in the world really knows what is happening with the weather.

Flickr user derekskey (via Creative Commons)

It is hard to ignore the weather these days, whether you are skeptical of climate change, believers committed to the dangers of global warming, or someone who has “never ending electricity” and is thinking that all this What is this. From polar vortexes to hurricanes to the never ending drought in New York City in autumn, no one in the world really knows what is happening with the weather.

Okay, unless you live in Venezuela – specifically, the part of Venezuela where the Catatumbo River empties into Lake Hakibo. Here, you will find an event called CatTumbo Lightning.

What is Catetumbo Lightning?

Sometimes referred to as Venezuela’s “eternal thunderstorm”, Catetumbo Lightning does not actually fire nonstop, but it has occurred at least 150 times per year, at least for a few centuries. Sometimes it lasts 10 hours per day, while there are more than 300 lightning strikes per hour.

Scientists believe that the storm, which occurs about 3 miles below the surface of the water, is caused by a perfect storm (lashing, right) of cold and hot air currents that occurs exactly where Electricity is produced. Researchers are also exploring the effect of methane on hurricanes. A combination of large regional oil deposits and the prevailing Swampland emits large amounts of gas. Whatever the reason, it is sometimes felt that Catetumbo Lightning, in fact, never runs out of electricity.

Before you book your flights to Venezuela, you should know that Catatumbo Lightning is not only eternal, but its tenure above the Catatumbo River Delta is not eternal. Rather, during the first four months of 2010, electrical activity stopped altogether, possibly due to the drought that overtook the region.

It is also important to note that even though you are very lucky when Catetumbo Lightning is in a period of high activity, lightning starts at a different time each day and is surprisingly not the most spectacular at night. You need to keep these items in mind when planning your trip with Venezuela’s eternal (or perhaps not very eternal!) Thunder.

Even though Venezuela’s eternal storm will last for the rest of eternity, it already makes a significant impact on the world. Apart from the catatumbo lightning dialogue that has arisen within the scientific community, it has been noted in literature at the end of the 16th century, when the Spanish poet Lope de Vega used it as the backdrop of his seminal war epic, “La Dragensia” did.

How to see catatumbo lightning with your own eyes

If you want to see Catatumo Lightning with your own eyes, your best option is to go with such a guided tour, which combines an electric spectacle with the opportunity to see river dolphins, colorful birds, butterflies and howler monkeys Huh. , As well as to explore the authentic Andean villages of La Azuleta and Jaji, whose magic is more permanent than the so-called “never ending electricity”.

Safety is another important reason to consider safety when you travel to Venezuela. The country is embroiled in its worst economic crisis in years, which is saying a lot for a country that is constantly on the verge of financial collapse. If you travel alone in Venezuela and you are not Venezuela, you are risking your safety! Don’t decide to save a few dollars now, which will cost you something precious (besides, of course, the never-ending electrical illusion).

Across the world, atmospheric and climatic conditions give rise to natural phenomena that leave people who see them seriously. And therefore, it would not be completely wrong to say that Mother Nature can often leave us more shocked that any advancement in technology can ever happen. One such spectacular natural phenomenon is the Catatumbo Lightning in the lesser-known region of northwestern Venezuela, where the Catatumbo River joins Maracaibo Lake.

The storm is not a strange raging strike here and there. Oh no! This is an average of 260 nights a year and up to 280 times per hour. It runs for 10 hours each night. He breaks 1.2 million lightning bolts per year. No wonder catatumbo lightning ko an everlasting storm ‘and. Also known as ‘The Beacon of Maracaibo’.

The constant flashes of lightning are so strong that they are clearly visible from 250 miles (400 kilometers) away. And because the storm lasts for ten hours at night, Lake Maracaibo and surrounding areas are constantly illuminated. In the past, colonial soldiers have also been known to use these bright flashes of light for their navigation.

Researchers are not really sure what causes the very lightning at the mouth of the Catetumbo River. One theory is that methane from the oil fields under the lake increases the surface conductivity of the water. Methane gas reaches the atmosphere by strong winds blowing from the nearby Andes Mountains. Another theory suggests that uranium deposition in bedrolls attracts more electric bolts. So far neither one theory has been confirmed. So far, the reason behind these lightning strikes has been attributed to a powerful composition of topography and wind patterns.

Tesla autopilot

Eight surround cameras provide 360-degree visibility around the car in the 250-meter range. Twelve updated ultrasonic sensors complement this vision, allowing detection of both rigid and soft objects approximately twice the distance of the former system. A front-facing radar with advanced processing provides additional data about the globe capable of seeing through heavy rain, fog, dust, and even cars at a redundant wavelength.

Processing power speed 40x

To understand all of this data, a new onboard computer with computing power of more than 40 times that of the previous generation runs the new Tesla-developed neural nets for vision, sonar and radar processing software. Together, the system gives the world a view that a driver cannot see alone, can see simultaneously in every direction, and at wavelengths that go beyond the human senses.

Tesla vision

To make a camera suite this powerful, the new hardware introduces an entirely new and powerful set of vision processing devices developed by Tesla. Built on a deep neural network, the Tesla Vision decomposes the car’s environment to greater levels of reliability than those achieved with classical vision processing techniques.

Auto pilot

Autopilot Advanced Safety and Facility features are designed to help you with the most cumbersome parts of driving. Autopilot introduces new features and over time improves existing functionality to make its Tesla safer and more capable.

Autopilot enables your car to automatically drive, accelerate and brake within its lane.

Current autopilot features require active driver supervision and do not make the vehicle autonomous.

Navigate on autopilot

Navigating the autopilot suggests lane changes to optimize your route, and adjustments so you don’t get stuck behind slower cars or trucks. When activated, navigate to the autopilot, will automatically drive your vehicle toward the highway interchange and exit depending on your destination.

Autosteer+smart summon

With the new Tesla Vision camera, sensors and computing power, your Tesla will navigate more strict, more complex roads. Smart summons, your car will navigate more complex environments and parking spaces, maneuvering around objects requires that you meet in the parking lot. .

Full self driving capability

All new Tesla cars have the necessary hardware for complete self-driving in almost all circumstances in the future. The system is enabled to make short and long distance trips without the necessary action by the person on the driver’s seat.

All you have to do is get in your car and where to go. If you don’t say anything, the car will look at your calendar and take you there, as if there is nothing on the calendar or just home. Your Tesla will detect optimal routes, navigate urban roads (even without lane markings), manage complex intersections with traffic lights, stop signs and roundabouts, and high-speed cars. Can handle densely packed freeways with. When you arrive at your destination, just step at the entrance and your car will enter park seek mode, automatically search for a location and park itself. A tap on your phone calls it back to you.

Future use of these facilities without supervision is dependent on gaining more credibility from human drivers in the form of billion miles of experience as well as regulatory approvals, which may take longer in some jurisdictions. As these self-driving capabilities are introduced, your car will be continuously upgraded through over-the-air software updates.

From home to your destination

All you have to do is move your car in and where to go. If you don’t say anything, your car will look at your calendar and take you there. Your Tesla will find the optimal route, navigating urban roads, complex intersections and freeways. When you arrive at your destination, just step at the entrance and your car will enter park seek mode, automatically search for a spot and park itself. A tap on your phone calls it back to you.

Next fact

Did the Santiago Flight 513 disappear in 1954, only on land in 1947?

The story of Santiago Flight 513 has been making its way around conspiracy-minded circles for decades. On the website Gaia stated that without notice, here is the general summary of the story of time travel.
On September 4, 1954, a Santiago Airlines flight 513 departed from Aachen in West Germany for Porto Alegre, Brazil. The flight should have taken about 18 hours.

Instead, it took 35 years. On 12 October 1989, without any contact with air traffic controllers, the Santiago Flight 513 was seen circling Porto Alegre Airport, where it eventually made a successful landing.

Upon opening the doors, officers found something more shocking: the skeletons of 92 people, buried in their seats. The skeletal body of Captain Miguel Victor Crury was found on his pilot’s seat, with hands under control, the engine still humming.
If this story sounds somewhat familiar, it may be that it shares a lot of similarities with the 1961 episode of “The Twilight Zone”, “The Odyssey of Flight 33”. Or, perhaps the reason is that you used to read tabloid weekly world news.

In 1985, the tabloid, known for collapsing far-flung stories, published an article about another flight, the Pan Am Flight 914, which allegedly took 37 years before being resumed and landed without incident. Had disappeared for. You can read our article which claims here.

While the story of Pan Am Flight 914 is undoubtedly a work of fiction, it would have proved popular among readers. In 1989, the tabloid returned to the genre of physics-less airplanes. This time, the flight was referred to as Santiago Flight 513, and the crew and passengers on this imaginary flight were almost non-fare. In the Pan Am Flight 914 edition, the passengers all survived. On Santiago Flight 513, the aircraft was filled with skeletons when it landed.

This is not an actual news item. We did not get any news about reliable Santiago Flight 513 in 1954 from reliable outlets. We could not find any report about this flight in 1989 after 35 years or even the landing of the skeletal plane. The reason is simple: the story of Santiago Flight 513 is a work of fiction created by a notorious tabloid.

tWA Flight 513, Registration NC86513, Star of Lisbon, a Lockheed L-049 Constellanoprotected by Transcontinental and Western Aron A training flight on July 11, 1946 when it crashed near Reading, Pennsylvania. Lightning wires in the luggage compartment caught fire. Smoke and intense fire made it impossible for pilots to maintain control of the aircraft. Five of the six crew aboard were killed. The accident is memorable for grounding all Lockheed constellations from July 12 to August 23, 1946, when cargo fire detection equipment can be installed. The accident was mentioned in Martin Scorsese’s film The Aviator, based on the life of Howard Hughes, the then owner of TWA.

A new radar satellite system that will provide rescue services with aircraft pinpoint locations anywhere in the world in the event of an accident or other incident was unveiled in Clare on Tuesday.

It is expected that this system, which will be operated by the Irish Aviation Authority, will eliminate the incidence of aircraft missing from radar, which may hamper rescue and recovery efforts.

Here are ten examples of aircraft that have disappeared.

Malaysia Airlines flight MH370 carrying 239 people is one of the biggest aviation secrets in the world.

On March 8, 2014, the plane disappeared from Kuala Lumpur to Beijing. Rescuers spent several months filtering the sea and the southern Indian Ocean, but efforts eventually stopped.

Ten years ago Air France Flight 447 from Rio de Janeiro to Paris crashed into the Atlantic with the loss of all 216 passengers and 12 crew.

The tragedy was keenly felt in Ireland as it claimed the lives of three Irish doctors, Jane Daisy of Rathgar, Isling Butler from Co Dublin, Roskry, Co Tipperary and Ethan Walls of Balligowan, Co Down.

The reason for this was a mystery until black box flight data and voice recorders were recovered from under the sea, indicating that the aircraft’s speed recorders were frozen during the storm. The search cost € 31 million and took about two years.

On July 2, 1937, Amelia Earhart and sailor Fred Noonan flew from Lae, New Guinea, in Lockheed Electra 10E, one of the last legs of the flight of the world around them.

However, as the Lockheed Electra disappeared from the Pacific and into the ground, the aviator was never heard from again.
At the height of World War II, the United States Navy sent five torpedo bombers on a regular training flight over the Burman Triangle. All 14 crew aboard five military aircraft were never seen or heard from again.

A few hours later, the Navy sent 13 people in a seaplane boat on a search and rescue mission. They too were never seen or heard from again.

In 1962, during the early stages of the Vietnam War, the United States Army disappeared on the Mariana Trench in the Pacific Ocean en route from Flying Tiger Flight 739 Guam to the Philippines.

No distress call received. A detailed search party included 1,300 people, 48 aircraft and eight surface ships, all of which covered approximately 144,000 square miles, but found nothing.

Uruguay Air Force aircraft, including members of the Uruguay rugby team, were carrying 40 passengers, as well as five crew members who went missing on 13 October 1972 while crossing the Andes.

Seventy-two days later, after everyone on board was presumed dead, 16 people survived. The story of how some dead travelers went hungry to eat meat was made in the 1993 film Alive.

Star Dust, a British South American Airways aircraft flying from Buenos Aires to Santiago, went missing on August 2, 1947. In the late 1990s, more than 50 years later, when fragments of debris began to emerge in the Andes Mountains.

In 2000, various parts of the flight passengers’ bodies were found, protected by glaciers.

Wrigley company

Fact no.1
Wrigley Riggle Company is a very old company, Many of the workers can made this company is very old in making this company.wm. Wrigley jr. The company, known as the Wrigley Company, is an American chewing gum company that was founded on April 1, 1891 by William Wrigley Jr., the Global Innovation Center (GIC) in Goose Island, Chicago, Illinois ) based on. .It is fully owned by Mars, and makes Mars Wrigley confectionery, along with Mars chocolate bars and other candy products. It is the largest producer and marketer of chewing gum in the world.
In 1892, Wrigley Jr. began packaging chewing gum with each box of baking powder. Chewing gum eventually became more popular than baking powder, and Wrigley reintroduced the company to produce gum.
wrigley’s glue was traditionally made of chalk, which was largely sourced from Latin America. In 1952, in response to land reforms in an attempt to end feudal working conditions for peasant farmers, Wrigley discontinued the chick purchased from Guatemala. In the 1960s, Wrigley changed the structure of its chewing gum base from chalk to synthetic rubber, which was cheaper to manufacture.
wrigley announced the closure of its Santa Cruz, California manufacturing plant in April 1996. The plant was built in 1955. The 385,000-square-foot construction facility was put on the market in October 1996 for US $ 11.3 million, or about 30 square feet. Leg.

In 2005, Wrigley bought Life Savers and Altoids from Kraft Foods for US $ 1.5 billion. On January 23, 2007, Wrigley signed a purchase agreement to acquire an 80% initial interest in A. Korkunov, with the remaining 20% ​​acquiring $ 300 million. For a long time. On April 28, 2008, Mars announced that it would acquire Wrigley for approximately $ 23 billion. Investment for the transaction was provided by Berkshire Hathaway, Goldman Sachs and JP Morgan; As of October 2016 Berkshire Hathaway made a minority equity investment in Wrigley.

The Riggle Building on Michigan Avenue, one of Chicago’s best-known landmarks on the Magnificent Mile, was originally the company’s global headquarters until 2011, when it was sold to an investor group that included the Zeller Realty Group as well as Groupon Co-founder Eric Lefkofsky was also involved. And Brad Keywell. The company is headquartered at GIC since 2012.

In 2016, Mars announced that Wrigley would be merged into its chocolate segment to form a new subsidiary, Mars Wrigley Confectionery. The new company will maintain a global office in Chicago, relocating its US offices in New Jersey to Hackettstown and Newark respectively.
1891–1932: William Wrigley Jr.

In 1891, 29-year-old William Wrigley Jr. (1861–1932) came to Chicago from Philadelphia with $ 32 and the idea was to start a business selling Wrigley’s Scouring Soap. Wrestley offered a premium as an incentive to buy her soap. Such as baking powder. Later in his career, he switched to the baking powder business, in which he began offering two packages of chewing gum for each purchase of a can of baking powder. The popular premium, chewing gum, looked more promising. In 1921 Wrigley became the majority owner of the Chicago Cubs.
After the death of William Wrigley Jr., his son Philip K. Wrigley (1894–1977) assumed his father’s position as CEO of the Wrigley Company. Wrigley is best known for his unusual move to support American troops and protect the Wrigley brand’s reputation during World War II, in which he completed Wrigley’s entire production of Spearmint, Doublemint and Juicy Fruit from the US Armed Forces. Dedicated to Wrigley launched a “Remise This Vapor” advertising campaign that campaigned to keep the Wrigley brand in the minds of customers during Wartime rationing. Wrigley’s PK Brand Name PK Wrigley.
In 1961, Philip K. Ragley ceded control to his son, William Riggle III (1933–1999). Wrigley led a strategic global expansion through the establishment of Wrigley facilities in nine new countries. [4] On June 26, 1974, a Marsh supermarket in Troy, Ohio, installed the first time code scanning equipment. The first product to be scanned using the Universal Product Code (UPC) bar code was a 10-pack of Wrigley’s Juicy Fruit Gum. [16] (This pack of gum is now on display at the Smithsonian Institution National Museum of American History.) In 1984, Wrigley introduced a new gum, Extra, which followed the new trend of sugar-free gums in America. [9] After his father’s death in 1977, Wrigley took control of the Chicago Cubs and sold the team to the Chicago Tribune in 1981.

William “Beau” Wrigley IV (1963–), after the death of Wrigley III (his father), led a sugar-free gum campaign in Europe, Australia, Spain, India and China. In 2005, Kraft Foods sold the life-saving and Altoids businesses to Wrigley in exchange for $ 1.5 billion as part of a restructuring plan. 2006 led to the establishment of the Wrigley Science Institute (WSI) in 2006 to study the oral health benefits of chewing gum. The WSI examines the effects of chewing gum on weight management, stress relief, concentration, and oral health.
On October 23, 2006, William D. Perez (1948–) succeeded Bill Wrigley as CEO. He was the first person outside the Wrigley family to command the company. In 2007, the company launched 5 Gum in the US. The 5 Gum brand was marketed in cinematic TV commercials depicting “how it feels to chew 5 gum”. Perez led efforts to improve slimmer packaging (Slim Pack) with taste improvements in both the Xtra and Wrigley brands.
Dushan Petrovich (1954–) succeeded almost after Peres from Mars, including the 2008 purchase of Wrigley. In 2009, Wrigley’s Global Innovation Center received LEEDGold certification through Wrigley’s commitment to global sustainability. At the 2010 Olympic Games in Vancouver, British Columbia, Wrigley was the official confectionery supplier of the Games, with the company sporting Olympic-themed packs and products.

Shavarsh Karapetyan

Fact no.2

Shavers Karapilton trained his eyes on the asphalt as he rounded the corner. He had 45 pounds of sand tied to his back, facing the final push on the 13-mile run due to fury as the Soviet coach removed him from the national swimming team. Eventually, Carapilton captured eight European swimming titles and set several world records for the USSR. And at the age of 23, he had not yet reached his athletic prime. Who knows which political maneuver left him out of the team competing in the World Championship? It may be that higher-ups in Moscow wanted to deepen their stock of elite athletes by developing young swimmers. He may have opposed Karpinan’s dominance because he was Armenian, from the treachery of the empire. Karpilton was raised during the height of the Cold War and nurtured for hammer and sickle. But for now, all he could do was wait for an opportunity to train and win back his chance. So he walked as the sun on 16 September 1976 in Yerevan, the capital of Armenia.

As the carpilton reached the bridge, there was a sound of metal shattering against the concrete through the cool evening breeze. He looked to the lotus, which had hit the hill below through that blizzard of dust, and found a trolleybus missing beneath the surface of Lake Yerevan. Its two electric trolley poles rose above the water like an antenna. If Carpillian gave any thought to his next move, he does not remember it. He jumped down the hill, dug a loaded backpack, stripped it and jumped into the lake. Rmenia is not a country of swimmers. Tucked between Turkey, Iran, Azerbaijan and Georgia, the country has a population of 3 million and an area smaller than Maryland, which spent centuries under the dominion of foreign empires before declaring independence in 1991. It was not a maritime boundary. Since the 14th century, when the Armenian Empire of Cilicia controlled a link of the Mediterranean coast in Turkey before being sacked by the Egyptian invaders. The country is suitable for swimming in a handful of public pools and some of Armenia’s lakes and rivers. Igor Safarian, president of the Armenian Swimming Federation, estimates that only 30 percent of the population knows swimming – he says there has been little change since Soviet times. “And I’m not counting elderly or young children,” he said.

Like the neighboring Highland people of the Caucasus Mountains, Armenians have traditionally excelled in rugged sports such as wrestling, weightlifting and boxing. But during a brief window in the 1970s, the Republic became an unqualified source of dozens of final gold medals for the Soviet Union, a niche sport in which contestants further themselves by using taut rubber feathers for their feet Enhanced. And the most majestic Soviet finalists of this era were the Shavers Karapilton.
karapetyan was erected in a one-story house in Kirovacan, now called a northern Armenian city called Vanadzor, where his father, Vladimir, made an athlete out of the Shavers and his younger brothers Kamo and Anaroli. Was determined to. When the family moved to Yerevan in 1966, Vladimir enrolled Sharsh at a gymnastics academy run by former Olympic Albert Azarian. Carapilton impressed gymnastics coaches with his commanding build, quick reflexes and tireless ambition, but said he was too late to become champion. A coach suggested that Carapilton go swimming. The game clicked for him, and over the next several years he excelled in backstroke and freestyle events as the top junior prospect in Armenia.

But Karapilton also hit his roof in classical swimming. “His technique at the time had many shortcomings, and he did not have the expected flexibility,” said Safarian, who at the time was coaching top Armenian swimmers.

When Carpentian was dropped from the Armenian select team at the age of 17, he was crushed.
The day 17-year-old Shavarsh Karpillion was informed that he had no future as a classical swimmer, he met a hard-drinking life-saver named Lipperit Almasakyan. Although neither of them knew it at the time, their union determined the fate of Carapilton and dozens of others on that September evening in 1976.

Known to friends as “Lipo”, Almaskyan helped finalize Armenia’s underwater sports program. Carapilton knew Lipo from floating circles, and the two went to carry beer and vodka to a nearby watering hole, while Karapilton recalled the sudden end of his athletic career. Lipo was recruiting athletes for the finishing team, and he told Carpillian that he wanted to coach him. They started later that day.

“I took a taxi home, relaxed a bit, and came back for my first workout,” Karapilton recalled.

Most of the training took place out of the water, heavy strength work that became famous in Armenian sports circles. He ran 12 to 18 miles a day, often loaded with a backpack filled with sand. Mandem had rowing workouts on Lake Yerevan, which had been forged over a decade earlier and had already been so heavily impacted by industrial runoff that only drunk or indifferent guts floated in it. Lipo also did practical exercises for his disciple: he glued wooden planks to cross-country ski boots and made a Karapillion jog in them to improve the strength of his legs. Carpillian carried a fellow swimmer on his shoulders while walking the hillsides of Lake Yerevan, or he would climb the same hills on his hands when a teammate held his feet, wheel-style.

Mel’s hole

Mel’s Hole is, according to an urban legend, an allegedly “bottomless pit” near ellensburg,Washington. Claims about it were first made on the radio show coast to coast AM by a guest calling himself “Mel Waters.” Later investigation revealed no such person was listed as residing in that area and no credible evidence that the hole exists.

The legend of the bottomless hole started on February 21, 1997, when a man identifying himself as Mel Waters appeared as a guest on Coast to Coast AM with art bell. Waters claimed that he owned rural property nine miles west of ellensburg in kittias country, Washington that contained a mysterious hole. According to Waters, the hole had an unknown depth of at least 80,000 feet. He claimed to have measured its depth using fishing line and a weight, although he still had not hit bottom by the time 80,000 feet of line had been used. He also claimed that his neighbor’s dead dog had been seen alive sometime after it was thrown into the hole. According to Waters, the hole’s magical properties prompted US federal agents to seize the land and fund his relocation to australian.

Waters made guest appearances on Bell’s show in 1997, 2000, and 2002. Rebroadcasts of those appearances have helped create what’s been described as a “modern, rural myth”. The exact location of the hole was unspecified, yet several people claimed to have seen it,such as Gerald R. Osborne, who used the ceremonial name Red Elk, who described himself as an “intertribal medicine man…half-breed native American / white”,and who told reporters in 2012 he visited the hole many times since 1961 and claimed the Us government maintained a top secret base there where “alien activity” occurs.But in 2002, Osborne was unable to find the hole on an expedition of 30 people he was leading.

Local news reporters who investigated the claims found no public records of anyone named Mel Waters ever residing in, or owning property in Kittitas County. According to state department of natural resources geologist Jack Powell, the hole does not exist and is geologically impossible. A hole of the depth claimed “would collapse into itself under the tremendous pressure and heat from the surrounding strata,” said Powell. Powell said an ordinary old mine shaft on private property was probably the inspiration for the stories, and commented that Mel’s Hole had established itself as a legend “based on no evidence at all”.

An art exhibition, “Aspects of Mel’s Hole: Artists Respond to a Paranormal Land Event Occurring in Radiospace,” curated LA Weekly art critic Doug Harvey, was presented at the Grand Central Art Center santa ana Californiain 2008. The show featured works by 41 artists and collectives, many created specifically for the exhibition, including works by Albert Cuellar, Charles Schneider, Georganne Deen, use , James Hayward, Cathy Ward, Eric Wright and Craig stecyk. The GCAC published a hardbound 146-page catalog in conjunction with the exhibit, containing contributions from all the artists, plus essays by Harvey, psychoanalyst Judy Spence, science author margarate wertheimer, Hannah Miller, Brian Tucker, Christine Wertheim, Mike Mcgee and the Rev. Ethan Acres.


The Illuminati (plural of Latin illuminatus, ‘enlightened’) is a name given to several groups, both real and fictitious. Historically, the name usually refers to the Bavarian Illuminati, an Enlightenment-era secret society founded on 1 May 1776 in Bavaria, today part of Germany. The society’s goals were to oppose superstitionobscurantism, religious influence over public life, and abuses of state power. “The order of the day,” they wrote in their general statutes, “is to put an end to the machinations of the purveyors of injustice, to control them without dominating them.”The Illuminati—along with Freemasonry and other secret societies—were outlawed through edict by Charles Theodore, Elector of Bavaria with the encouragement of the Catholic Church, in 1784, 1785, 1787, and 1790. In the following several years, the group was vilified by conservative and religious critics who claimed that they continued underground and were responsible for the French Revolution.

Many influential intellectuals and progressive politicians counted themselves as members, including Ferdinand of Brunswick and the diplomat Franz Xaver von Zwackh, who was the Order’s second-in-command.[4] It attracted literary men such as Johann Wolfgang von Goethe and Johann Gottfried Herder and the resigning Duke of Gotha and of Weimar.

In subsequent use, “Illuminati” has referred to various organisations which have claimed or have been claimed to be connected to the original Bavarian Illuminati or similar secret societies, though these links have been unsubstantiated. These organisations have often been alleged to conspire to control world affairs, by masterminding events and planting agents in government and corporations, in order to gain political powerand influence and to establish a New World Order. Central to some of the more widely known and elaborate conspiracy theories, the Illuminati have been depicted as lurking in the shadows and pulling the strings and levers of power in dozens of novels, films, television shows, comics, video games, and music videos.

it’s not a myth.

Adam Weishaupt (1748–1830) became professor of Canon Law and practical philosophy at the University of Ingolstadt in 1773. He was the only non-clerical professor at an institution run by Jesuits, whose order Pope Clement XIV had dissolved in 1773. The Jesuits of Ingolstadt, however, still retained the purse strings and some power at the University, which they continued to regard as their own. They made constant attempts to frustrate and discredit non-clerical staff, especially when course material contained anything they regarded as liberal or Protestant. Weishaupt became deeply anti-clerical, resolving to spread the ideals of the Enlightenment (Aufklärung) through some sort of secret society of like-minded individuals.

Finding Freemasonry expensive, and not open to his ideas, he founded his own society which was to have a system of ranks or grades based on those in Freemasonry, but with his own agenda. His original name for the new order was Bund der Perfektibilisten, or Covenant of Perfectibility (Perfectibilists); he later changed it because it sounded too strange. On 1 May 1776, Weishaupt and four students formed the Perfectibilists, taking the Owl of Minerva as their symbol.The members were to use aliases within the society. Weishaupt became Spartacus. Law students Massenhausen, Bauhof, Merz and Sutor became respectively Ajax, Agathon, Tiberius and Erasmus Roterodamus. Weishaupt later expelled Sutor for indolence. In April 1778, the order became the Illuminatenorden, or Order of Illuminati, after Weishaupt had seriously contemplated the name Bee order.

During this early period, the order had three grades of Novice, Minerval, and Illuminated Minerval, of which only the Minerval grade involved a complicated ceremony. In this the candidate was given secret signs and a password. A system of mutual espionage kept Weishaupt informed of the activities and character of all his members, his favourites becoming members of the ruling council, or Areopagus. Some novices were permitted to recruit, becoming Insinuants. Christians of good character were actively sought, with Jews and pagans specifically excluded, along with women, monks, and members of other secret societies. Favoured candidates were rich, docile, willing to learn, and aged 18–30.

The exorcist trailer banned

The Exorcist is a 1973 American supernatural horror film directed by William Friedkin and produced and written for the screen by William Peter Blatty, based on the 1971 novel of the same name by Blatty. The film stars Ellen BurstynMax von SydowLee J. CobbKitty WinnJack MacGowran (in his final film role), Jason Miller, and Linda Blair. It is the first installment in The Exorcist film series, and follows the demonic possession of a 12-year-old girl and her mother’s attempt to rescue her through an exorcism conducted by two priests.

Although the book had been a bestseller, Blatty, who produced, and Friedkin, his choice for director, had difficulty casting the film. After turning down, or being turned down, by major stars of the era, they cast in the lead roles the relatively little-known Burstyn, the unknown Blair, and Miller, the author of a hit play who had never acted in movies before, casting choices that were vigorously opposed by studio executives at Warner Bros. PicturesPrincipal photography was also difficult. Most of the set burned down, and Blair and Burstyn suffered long-term injuries in accidents. Ultimately the film took twice as long to shoot as scheduled and cost more than twice its initial budget.

The Exorcist was released in 24 theaters in the United States and Canada in late December. Audiences flocked to it, waiting in long lines during winter weather, many doing so more than once, despite mixed critical reviews. Some viewers had adverse physical reactions, often fainting or vomiting, to scenes such as its protagonist undergoing a realistic cerebral angiography and masturbating with a crucifix. There were reports of heart attacks and miscarriages; a psychiatric journal carried a paper on “cinematic neurosis” triggered by the film. Many children were taken to see the film, leading to charges that the MPAA ratings board had accommodated Warner Bros. by giving the film an R-rating instead of the X they thought it deserved in order to ensure its commercial success; a few cities tried to ban it outright or prevent children from seeing it, and obscenity concerns kept the film from a home video release in the United Kingdom until 1999.

The cultural conversation around the film, which also encompassed its treatment of Roman Catholicism, helped it become the first horror film to be nominated for the Academy Award for Best Picture, one of ten Academy Awards it was nominated for, winning for Best Adapted Screenplay and Best Sound Mixing. It was the highest-grossing R-rated horror film, until the release of It in 2017 (unadjusted for inflation). The Exorcist has had a significant influence on popular culture and has received critical acclaim, with several publications having regarded it as one of the greatest horror films of all time.The English film critic Mark Kermode named it as his “favorite film of all time”.In 2010, the Library of Congress selected the film to be preserved as part of its National Film Registryas being “culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant”.

Audiences weren’t ready for The Exorcist when it was released in 1973. The film was insanely horrific for the time period and it was so intense that people went crazy in movie theaters. Even the first trailer for the film that was released was considered so jacked up that it ended up being pulled from theaters and banned. The combination of terrifying visuals and the unsettling musical score was so intense that there are reports of people actually vomiting during it. 

The trailer plays out like a disturbing nightmare and even though I’ve seen the film multiple times this trailer still affected me and creeped me the hell out!  Just wait until you watch it and see. I will say the best viewing experience comes with the volume turned up and the lights out. 

I love trailers like this that invoke emotions within us. These kinds of trailers are so much better than trailers that lay out the entire plot of the film. 

Franklin D. Roosevelt’s unfinished potrait

Kartik shakya

The Unfinished Portrait is a watercolor of President Franklin Delano Roosevelt by ELIZABETH SHOUMATOFF. Shoumatoff was commissioned to paint a portrait of President Roosevelt and started her work around noon on April 12, 1945. At lunch, Roosevelt complained of a headache and subsequently collapsed. The President, who had suffered a  (stroke), died later that day.

Shoumatoff never finished the portrait, but she later painted a new, largely identical one, based on memory. The Unfinished Portraithangs at Roosevelt’s retreat, the Little White House, in Warm Springs, Georgia, with its finished counterpart beside it.

Kartik shakya

In 1943, painter Elizabeth Shoumatoff was told by her friend and client Lucy Mercer Rutherfurd, who was also known for being the President’s mistress:

You should really paint the President. He has such a remarkable face. There is no painting of him that gives his true expression. I think you could do a wonderful portrait, and he would be such an interesting person to paint! Would you do a portrait of him if it was arranged?

Rutherfurd would go on to make the arrangements, with Shoumatoff agreeing to sit in for two days within two weeks’ time. She said of the agreement: “I was trapped into something I had neither wished for nor planned.” She went on to talk about not being able to turn down the honor of being selected for a Presidential commission.


Kartik shakya

Elizabeth Shoumatoff had begun working on the portrait of the president around noon on April 12, 1945. Roosevelt was being served lunch when he said “I have a terrific pain in the back of my head.” He then slumped forward in his chair, unconscious, and was carried into his bedroom. The president’s attending cardiologist, Dr. Howard Bruenn, diagnosed a massive cerebral hemmorage (stroke). Roosevelt never regained consciousness and died at 3:35 p.m. that day. Shoumatoff never finished the portrait.

The Unfinished Portrait hangs at Roosevelt’s former health and relaxation retreat in Warm Springs, Georgia, known as the Little White House

Later, Shoumatoff decided to finish the portrait in FDR’s memory. She painted a new painting based on memory. One difference is that the tie that was red in the original is now blue in the finished painting. All other aspects are completely identical. The finished portrait now resides in the Legacy Exhibit beside the original at the Little White House Historic Site in Warm Springs.

In 1921, FDR found himself struggling to move his lower limbs. Unsure of what exactly was causing his illness, doctors misdiagnosed him with a variety of ailments and administered treatments that did not help improve his paralysis. Dr. Robert Lovettwas the first to diagnose FDR with infantile paralysis (polio) on August 25, 1921. This diagnosis was particularly surprising given the fact that most children grew immune to the disease as they got older, and FDR was 39 years old at the time of the diagnosis. However, political stressors and a childhood spent in ill health meant that the future president was susceptible to the disease.

Living as a disabled man in the early twentieth century was not easy for Roosevelt. He often steered talk away from his disability, and tried to mask his paralysis by holding onto someone’s arm and using a cane to swing himself from step to step to model walking. To further cloak his condition, he created his own wheelchair out of a modified dining room chair with bicycle-like wheels attached so that visitors who saw it wouldn’t notice it as quickly. Ever the stubborn man, FDR even adapted anb pedalsto allow himself to drive a car.

Life straw

This is a product that you may not have heard of or seen today.

LifeStraw is a brand that manufactures water filtration and purification devices. The first product (the original LifeStraw) was designed as a portable water filter “straw”. It filters a maximum of 4000 litres of water, enough for one person for three years. It removes almost all of waterborne bacteriamicroplastics and parasites.A bottle was later developed which incorporated a LifeStraw cartridge into a 0.65 litres (22 US fl oz) BPA-free plastic sports water bottle. In addition to these portable filters, the manufacturer also produces high-volume purifiers powered by gravity that also remove viruses. These are designed for family and community use.

The LifeStraw filters are designed by the Swis-based Vestergaard Frandsen. While originally developed for people living in developing nations and for distribution in humanitarian crisis, LifeStraw water filters have gained popularity as consumer products. The LifeStraw is now used as a tool for survivalists and outdoor enthusiasts in addition to being used to help combat clean water scarcity worldwide. LifeStraw water filters can provide clean water without the need for batteries or chemical treatment. All LifeStraw filters are made using hollow fiber membrane technology. Some of them also incorporate an activated carbon component.

The original LifeStraw and LifeStraw Family were distributed in the 2010 Haiti earthquake2010 Pakistan floods2011 Thailand floods, and 2016 Ecuador earthquake, among other crises and initiatives. In the Mutomo district a in Kenya which has suffered from long term drought, the Kenya Red Cross supplied filters to 3,750 school children and 6,750 households. In 2015, LifeStraw filters were deployed in Rwanda.The company also funds a retail give back program that as of 2018 has provided safe water to more than 1 million school children in rural Kenya.

Contrary to popular belief, the original LifeStraw does not incorporate a reverse-osmosis membrane nor is it able to filter out salts or minerals.

Making by own member

The original LifeStraw is a plastic tube 22 cm long and 3 cm in diameter. Water that is drawn up through the straw first passes through hollow fibres that filter water particles down to 0.2 µm across, using only physical filtration methods and no chemicals. The entire process is powered by suction, similar to using a conventional drinking straw, and filters up to 4000 litres of water. While the initial model of the filter did not remove giardia lambia, LifeStraw now removes a minimum of 99.999% of waterborne protozoan parasites including giardia and cryptosporidium. The original LifeStraw does not filter viruses, chemicals, salt water, and heavy metals. However, the newer LifeStraw products (like LifeStraw Flex and LifeStraw Home) are capable of removing chemicals and heavy metals including lead.

Response of life straw

LifeStraw has been generally praised for its effective and quick method of bacteria and protozoa removal and consumer acceptability.[14

Although LifeStraw is available for retail sale in the developed world, the majority of LifeStraw are distributed as part of public health campaigns or in response to complex emergencies by NGOs and organizations that give them away for free in the developing world.

LifeStraw has been praised in the international media and won several awards including the 2008 saatchi and saatchi Award for World Changing Ideas, the ‘INDEX: 2005’ International Design Award and “Best Invention of 2005” by time magazine. The LifeStraw was featured in the Museum of Modern Art in New York. In 2019, the Lifestraw Home water filter pitcher was launched and won the IDEA design award and the Red Dot design award.