Pluto

There has been a history of changes in Pluto’s classification as a planet. Since 2006, according to the International Astronomical Union’s planetary norm, Pluto is not considered a planet because it does not clean up the neighborhood around the orbit of other objects. However, it meets the criteria of the IAU to constitute a dwarf planet.

Facts about Pluto

July 14, 2017: On July 14, 2015, NASA’s New Horizons spacecraft made its historic flight through the Pluto system – providing the first close-up images of Pluto and its moons and collecting other data that has captured our mysterious world. Understanding has changed. The outer frontier region of the solar system.

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History of planets

Pluto status

There has been a history of changes in Pluto’s classification as a planet. Since 2006, according to the International Astronomical Union’s planetary norm, Pluto is not considered a planet because it does not clean up the neighborhood around the orbit of other objects. However, it meets the criteria of the IAU to constitute a dwarf planet.

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July 14, 2017: On July 14, 2015, NASA’s New Horizons spacecraft made its historic flight through the Pluto system – providing the first close-up images of Pluto and its moons and collecting other data, which has captured these mysterious worlds Our understanding has changed the outer frontier region of the solar system.

Views of Tenzing Montes, the highest mountains of Pluto. Sincerely: NASA / Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory / Southwest Research Institute / Lunar & Planetary Institute / Paul Shanko

Scientists are still analyzing and uncovering data that New Horizons recorded and sent home after the encounter. On Flyby’s two-year anniversary, the team unveiled a set of detailed, high-quality global maps of Pluto and its largest moon, Charon.

New Horizons Project Science Gallery for Pluto

New Horizon Project Science Gallery for Charoon

Pluto – which is smaller than Earth’s moon – has a heart-shaped glacier the size of Texas and Oklahoma. This fascinating world has blue skies, spinning moons, rockies as high as mountains, and it snows — but the ice is red.

“The complexity of the Pluto system — from its geology to its atmosphere to the atmosphere — is beyond our greatest imagination,” said investigator Alan Stern, head of the New Horizons of Southwest Research Institute in Boulder, Colorado. “New secrets are changing everywhere we go.”

Pluto’s moons are named for other mythological figures associated with the underworld. Sharon is named for the River River, which searches for spirits in the underworld (as well as honoring the explorer James Christie’s wife, Sharon); Nixon is named for the mother of Charon, who is also the goddess of darkness and night; Hydra is named for the nine-headed serpent who protects the underworld; Kerberos is named after a three-headed dog in Greek mythology (and called Fluffy in the Harry Potter novel); And the Vaitarni River is named for the mythical river that separates the world of the living from the realm of the dead.

Pluto’s place in mythology may be a bit muddy, so we have seen Dr. Elizabeth Vandiver, president of Whitman College’s Classics Department in Walta, Washington, asked to clarify the name’s origins: “Pluto is the Roman deity’s name underworld, equivalent to Greek Heads. However, the Greek name” pluton “(from which Roman Had derived its name “Pluto”) was also sometimes used as an alternate name for Hades. But Pluto is certainly a Roman swelling. “

When Pluto was reclassified as a dwarf planet from a planet in 2006, there was widespread outrage from the demolished planet. As the textbooks were updated, the Internet ran through a range of emotions, ranging from memos to anger to loneliness. But since the release of New Horizons images depicting a very prominent heart-shaped feature on the surface, the gloomy Pluto meme has given way to a very material, loving Pluto once again by a spaceship. Would like to go

The Disney cartoon character Pluto, Mickey’s loyal dog, made its debut in 1930, the same year that Tombow discovered the dwarf planet. There is speculation that Walt Disney has named the animated dog after the recently discovered planet to capitalize on its popularity, but other accounts fall short of direct links. But either way, the joke connecting the two, as reported in the 1987 Mel Brooks film Spacebolens:

we were lost. None of us knew where we were. Then Harry starts feeling around on all the trees, and he says, “I get it! We’re on Pluto.” I say, “Harry, how can you tell?” And he says, “By bark, you dummy. With bark!”

Pluto is a dwarf planet surrounded by the Kuiper Belt, a region full of icy bodies and other dwarf planets outside Neptune. Pluto is much smaller, only half the width of the United States and about half the size of Charon Pluto, its largest moon.

Almost all the planets revolve around the Sun in almost complete circles. But not Pluto. It takes an oval shaped path with the sun near its center. What’s more, its path is much tilted compared to the planets.

For more kid-friendly facts visit NASA Space Place.

If you lived on Pluto, you would see Charon from only one side of the planet. It takes about six and a half Earth days to orbit Charon around Pluto. Pluto’s day (ie a full rotation) takes place at exactly the same time. Therefore, Charon always “hovers” at the same place on the surface of Pluto, and the same side of Charon always faces Pluto.

At Pluto’s current distance from the Sun, the temperature on its surface is about 400 degrees below zero Fahrenheit! It will also be cold as it moves much ahead of the sun. From Pluto, the sun looks just like a bright point in the sky, the brightest star appearing. Light from the sun is as bright on Pluto as light from the full moon is on Earth.

If you weigh 100 pounds on Earth, you will weigh only 7 pounds on Pluto!

Eventually we got to visit Pluto, Charon and the Kuiper Belt! On 19 January 2006, NASA launched a robotic spacecraft on a long journey. This mission is called New Horizons. The spacecraft reached Pluto in July 2015, and will continue to study other objects in the Kuiper Belt from approximately 2018 to 2022.

It was the first Kuiper Belt object to be discovered and is the largest known plutoid. It was discovered in 1930 by Clyde Tombow and classified as the ninth planet in the solar system for 75 years.

Since the early 1990s, its status as a planet was questioned after discovering other objects of similar size. After the discovery of Eris in 2005, Pluto was transferred from a planet to a dwarf planet in 2006 after IAU defined the term “planet”.

Pluto is the ninth largest and the tenth largest known object orbiting the Sun. However, when it comes to trans-Neptunian objects, it is the largest compared to the volume but less massive than the Eris.

It is named after the Roman god of the underworld, which is equivalent to Hades in Greek mythology.

It is mainly composed of ice and rock. It is about one-sixth of the mass of the Moon than the Earth’s Moon, and one-third of its volume.

Like other Kuiper Belt objects, it has an eccentric orbit. However, the eccentricity is moderate and the inclination of the orbit ranges from 30 AU to 49 AU.

Due to its orbit, Pluto periodically comes closer to the Sun than Neptune. A steady orbital resonance with Neptune prevents them from colliding. Light from the Sun reaches Pluto in about 5.5 hours at an average distance of 39.5 AU.

It has five moons: Charon, Stylux, Nix, Kerberos and Hydra. Charon is the largest with more than half the diameter of Pluto. It is the largest known moon of a dwarf planet.

The relationship between Pluto and Charon is intangible. They are believed to belong to the binary system since Byers of his classes, neither of which lie within the body.

A day on Pluto lasts for about 153 hours while an entire journey around the Sun is completed in about 248 years. Its moon Charon also orbits Pluto in about 153 hours, never arising or setting, facing Pluto at the same place, on one side only, a state known as tidal locking.

Its radius is 737 miles or 1,185 kilometers and thus it is 1/6 the width of the earth and 1,445 miles or 2,326 kilometers in diameter.

It is characterized by mountains, valleys and pits. Temperatures vary from −375 to −400 ° F or −226 to −240 ° C.

1840 में अर्बेन ले वेरियर द्वारा न्यूटनियन यांत्रिकी के उपयोग के माध्यम से, यह पता चला कि यूरेनस की कक्षा में गड़बड़ी थी। नेपच्यून की खोज और उसके द्रव्यमान की गणना के बाद, यह अनुमान लगाया गया था कि इसे समझाने के लिए एक बड़ी वस्तु की आवश्यकता थी, इस प्रकार प्लैनेट एक्स की परिकल्पना का जन्म हुआ था। 1894 में एक व्यापारी और खगोलविद ने एक व्यवसायी और खगोलशास्त्री ने लोवेल वेधशाला की स्थापना की और 1906 में उन्होंने लगभग एक दशक तक प्लेनेट एक्स की खोज शुरू की जब तक.

Unknown to Lowell, his surveys captured two faint images of Pluto, but were not recognized for what they were. Planet X’s search resumed in 1929 after the widow’s fight for her inheritance and the search continued.

The director of the observatory gave the task of finding Plane X to a 23-year-old man named Clyde Tombo, who finally found it after a year of hard work. The news made headlines everywhere, and the Lowell Observatory gained the authority to name the new discovery.

The name Pluto was proposed by Eleventh schoolgirl Woolia Burney in Oxford, England after a poll, and the name Pluto was won by votes. The name was announced on May 1, 1930. The little girl got the modern equivalent of 450 USD. The final choice of a name was helped by the fact that the first letters of Pluto are the initials of Percival Lovell.

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