Catatumbo lightening

Catatumbo Lightning (Spanish: Relámpago del Catatumbo) is an atmospheric phenomenon that occurs at the mouth of the Catatumbo River where it empties into Lake Maracaibo in Venezuela. It originates from a group of storm clouds at an altitude of more than 1 km, and occurs during 140 to 160 nights in a year, up to 10 hours per day and up to 280 times per hour. This lake occurs above and around Maracaibo, usually the swampy area where the Catetumbo River flows into the lake.Electricity changes its frequency throughout the year, and it varies from year to year. For example, it closed from January to March 2010, apparently due to drought, leading to speculation that it may have been permanently extinguished.

Alexander von Humboldt, a Prussian naturalist and explorer, described electricity in 1826. The Italian geographer Agustin called it “like a continuous lightning” in 1841, and its position is such that it lies almost at the mouth of the lake, directing it as sailors. a lighthouse.”

The incident is depicted on the flag and coat of the Zulia state, including Lake Maracaibo, and is mentioned in the state anthem. This phenomenon has been known as the “Lighthouse of Maracaibo” for centuries, as it has been visible for miles around Lake Maracaibo.

Some writers refer to Lope de Vega shining in the night sky as an early literary fusion of power (in another poem) by Sir Francis Drake against San Juan de Puerto Rico in his epic La Dragontia The poet mentions Maracaibo), but it was actually a reference to the glow produced by the burning ships during the battle.

Catatumbo lightning usually develops between 8 ° 30 71N 71 ° 0 andW and 9 ° 45′N 73 ° 0 .W. The lake is believed to be the result of winds blowing in Maracaibo and the surrounding marshy plains. These air masses meet the high mountain ranges of the Andes, Periza Mountains (3,750 m) and the Cordillera of Mereda, enclosing the plain on three sides. The heat and moisture collected in the plains create electric charges and, because the mass of air is destabilized by mountain ridges, resulting in thunder showers. [4] The phenomenon is characterized by almost continuous lightning, mostly within clouds. Electricity produces a large amount of ozone although its volatility does not make it likely that it has any effect on the ozonosphere.

Between 1966 and 1970, Russian researcher Andrei Zavarostaki investigated the region three times with the help of the Andes University. He concluded that there are many epics in the swamps of the lightning Juan Manuel de Aguas National Park, Claras Aguas Negras and West Lake Maracaibo. In 1991, he suggested that the incident occurred due to cold and hot air currents around the area. The study also hypothesized that the presence of uranium in the bedroom may be a different cause of lightning.

Between 1997 and 2000, a series of four studies proposed that methane produced by massive oil deposits in swamps and in the region was a major cause of the phenomenon. The methane model is based on the symmetry properties of methane. [Clarification needed] Other studies have indicated that this model contradicts the observed behavior of lightning, as it would predict that there will be more electricity in the dry season (January – February), and less in the wet season (April – May and September October).

A team from Universidale del Zulia on the daily, seasonal and year-to-year variability of catatumbo lightning to find relationships with the Inter-Tropical Convergence Zone, El Niño-Southern Oscillation, Caribbean Low-Level, Inter-Tropical Convergence Zone The effect of various atmospheric variables is investigated. Jet and local winds and convection available potential energy. Using satellite data, two groups of researchers have provided an analysis of the location, time, and number of discharges per square kilometer of electricity.

A 2016 study showed that it is possible to predict lightning in the Lake Maracaibo Basin until a few months ago, the variability of the Lake Maracaibo low-level jet, and its interaction with predictable climate modes such as ENSO and the Caribbean Low on the basis of. -Level jet. The study also showed that when the index and convection available potential energy based on the combination of winds is used, the forecast accuracy is much higher. The index captures the compound effects of many climate drivers well.

It is hard to ignore the weather these days, whether you are skeptical of climate change, believers committed to the dangers of global warming, or someone who has “never ending electricity” and is thinking that all this What is this. From polar vortexes to hurricanes to the never ending drought in New York City in autumn, no one in the world really knows what is happening with the weather.

Flickr user derekskey (via Creative Commons)

It is hard to ignore the weather these days, whether you are skeptical of climate change, believers committed to the dangers of global warming, or someone who has “never ending electricity” and is thinking that all this What is this. From polar vortexes to hurricanes to the never ending drought in New York City in autumn, no one in the world really knows what is happening with the weather.

Okay, unless you live in Venezuela – specifically, the part of Venezuela where the Catatumbo River empties into Lake Hakibo. Here, you will find an event called CatTumbo Lightning.

What is Catetumbo Lightning?

Sometimes referred to as Venezuela’s “eternal thunderstorm”, Catetumbo Lightning does not actually fire nonstop, but it has occurred at least 150 times per year, at least for a few centuries. Sometimes it lasts 10 hours per day, while there are more than 300 lightning strikes per hour.

Scientists believe that the storm, which occurs about 3 miles below the surface of the water, is caused by a perfect storm (lashing, right) of cold and hot air currents that occurs exactly where Electricity is produced. Researchers are also exploring the effect of methane on hurricanes. A combination of large regional oil deposits and the prevailing Swampland emits large amounts of gas. Whatever the reason, it is sometimes felt that Catetumbo Lightning, in fact, never runs out of electricity.

Before you book your flights to Venezuela, you should know that Catatumbo Lightning is not only eternal, but its tenure above the Catatumbo River Delta is not eternal. Rather, during the first four months of 2010, electrical activity stopped altogether, possibly due to the drought that overtook the region.

It is also important to note that even though you are very lucky when Catetumbo Lightning is in a period of high activity, lightning starts at a different time each day and is surprisingly not the most spectacular at night. You need to keep these items in mind when planning your trip with Venezuela’s eternal (or perhaps not very eternal!) Thunder.

Even though Venezuela’s eternal storm will last for the rest of eternity, it already makes a significant impact on the world. Apart from the catatumbo lightning dialogue that has arisen within the scientific community, it has been noted in literature at the end of the 16th century, when the Spanish poet Lope de Vega used it as the backdrop of his seminal war epic, “La Dragensia” did.

How to see catatumbo lightning with your own eyes

If you want to see Catatumo Lightning with your own eyes, your best option is to go with such a guided tour, which combines an electric spectacle with the opportunity to see river dolphins, colorful birds, butterflies and howler monkeys Huh. , As well as to explore the authentic Andean villages of La Azuleta and Jaji, whose magic is more permanent than the so-called “never ending electricity”.

Safety is another important reason to consider safety when you travel to Venezuela. The country is embroiled in its worst economic crisis in years, which is saying a lot for a country that is constantly on the verge of financial collapse. If you travel alone in Venezuela and you are not Venezuela, you are risking your safety! Don’t decide to save a few dollars now, which will cost you something precious (besides, of course, the never-ending electrical illusion).

Across the world, atmospheric and climatic conditions give rise to natural phenomena that leave people who see them seriously. And therefore, it would not be completely wrong to say that Mother Nature can often leave us more shocked that any advancement in technology can ever happen. One such spectacular natural phenomenon is the Catatumbo Lightning in the lesser-known region of northwestern Venezuela, where the Catatumbo River joins Maracaibo Lake.

The storm is not a strange raging strike here and there. Oh no! This is an average of 260 nights a year and up to 280 times per hour. It runs for 10 hours each night. He breaks 1.2 million lightning bolts per year. No wonder catatumbo lightning ko an everlasting storm ‘and. Also known as ‘The Beacon of Maracaibo’.

The constant flashes of lightning are so strong that they are clearly visible from 250 miles (400 kilometers) away. And because the storm lasts for ten hours at night, Lake Maracaibo and surrounding areas are constantly illuminated. In the past, colonial soldiers have also been known to use these bright flashes of light for their navigation.

Researchers are not really sure what causes the very lightning at the mouth of the Catetumbo River. One theory is that methane from the oil fields under the lake increases the surface conductivity of the water. Methane gas reaches the atmosphere by strong winds blowing from the nearby Andes Mountains. Another theory suggests that uranium deposition in bedrolls attracts more electric bolts. So far neither one theory has been confirmed. So far, the reason behind these lightning strikes has been attributed to a powerful composition of topography and wind patterns.

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